Minnesota Poliomyelitis Research Committee papers
Scope and Content
The collection contains records of research conducted on polio. Materials include correspondence, reports, memos, patient records, questionnaires and research materials. Also contained in the collection are materials relating to Sister Elizabeth Kenny, patient surveys and the report, "A Partial Statistical Survey of the 1946 Poliomyelitis Epidemic in Minnesota with Some Details on Cases Hospitalized in Minneapolis Hospitals."
- circa 1940s-1970s
- Minnesota Poliomyelitis Research Committee (Organization)
Language of Materials
Access to this collection is restricted due to the inclusion of patient records.
Use of Materials
Items in this collection do not circulate and may be used in-house only.
Researchers may quote from the collection under the fair use provision of the copyright law Title 17, U.S. Code. Requests to publish should be arranged with the University of Minnesota Archives.
In the 1940's, the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (NFIP), also known as the March of Dimes, awarded funds to the University of Minnesota for polio research. In response to an epidemic of polio, the NFIP, which usually worked with local chapters, made available special funds to be administered by a coordinating service committee to combat the emergency. The Minnesota Poliomyelitis Research Committee was established and chaired by Dr. Maurice Visscher, head of the department of physiology at the University of Minnesota.
Various faculty members in the University's Medical School and School of Public Health were involved in studies investigating the causes and treatment of polio. They include Ancel Keys (physiological hygiene), Cecil Watson (medicine), Elexious T. Bell (pathology), Ernst Gellhorn (neurophysiology), Irvine McQuarrie (pediatrics), Raymond Bieter (pharmacology), Gaylord Anderson (public health), Berry Campbell (anatomy), Maurice Visscher (physiology) and A.B. Baker (neurology).
An extensive survey of polio patients was also conducted, which led to the report by the Minnesota Poliomyelitis Research Commission, "A Partial Statistical Survey of the 1946 Poliomyelitis Epidemic in Minnesota with Some Details on Cases Hospitalized in Minneapolis Hospitals."
2.5 Cubic Feet (2 boxes)
Collection contains the records of polio research conducted by the University of Minnesota under the auspices of the Minnesota Poliomyelitis Research Committee, which was funded by the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis.
Source of acquisition
The collection was deposited in University Archives in multiple donations from 1962-1989.
- Anderson, Gaylord West, 1901-1979
- Baker, A. B. (Abe Bert) , 1908-
- Bell, Elexious T., 1880-1963
- Bieter, Raymond Nicholas, 1900-1990
- Bosma, James F.
- Gellhorn, Ernst, 1893-
- Kenny, Elizabeth, 1886-1952
- Keys, Ancel, 1904-2004
- McQuarrie, Irvine, 1892-
- Poliomyelitis -- Research Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Visscher, Maurice B., 1901-1983
- Watson, Cecil J. (Cecil James), 1901-
- Minnesota Poliomyelitis Research Committee papers, circa 1940s-1970s
- Karen Klinkenberg
- July 2005
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- July 2019: Contents list added