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Harlow Stearns Gale papers

Identifier: 725

Scope and Content

The collection includes correspondence, personal diaries, manuscripts of articles on many subjects, notebooks, and photographs intending to debunk spiritualism. In addition there are psychological diaries of Gale's children: Mary Roycraft, Samuel, and (Brun)Hilde Gale. Also included are writings by Gale on music and musical criticism. Correspondents include Ella Winter Steffens and Joseph Lincoln Steffens.


  • 1889-1939


Language of Materials


Use of Materials

Items in this collection do not circulate and may be used in-house only.


Requests for permission to quote from the Harlow Stearns Gale papers should be arranged with the University of Minnesota Archives head.

Biographical Sketch of Harlow Stearns Gale (1862-1945)

Harlow Stearns Gale was born on June 29, 1862 in Minneapolis. He attended Yale University, earning his B.A. in 1885. He completed advanced studies at Yale University, University of Cambridge and the University of Leipzig with Wilhelm Wundt in the fields of ethics, logic and psychology. In addition, he studied economics under William Watts Folwell at the University of Minnesota. He accepted a position at the University of Minnesota as an instructor in psychology in 1894. He introduced new courses to the curriculum including physiological psychology, child psychology, brain histology and advanced courses in the study of advertising. He also began a psychology laboratory on campus.

Mr. Gale had a tenuous career at the University of Minnesota. He was twice dismissed and then re-hired by the University and was finally forced to resign in 1903. After leaving the University, he went to work in the insurance field. After trying his hand at insurance, Gale worked as a principle clerk in charge of materials and cost records of sewer tunnels and storm drains for the City of Minneapolis. Even after he left the University, he continued to work as a independent investigator, teacher and lecturer, ran a private psychological laboratory and was involved with the Minnesota Academy of Science. Another interest of Mr. Gale, and his family, was music. He authored many musical criticisms during the 1900s. Mr. Gale passed away on December 22, 1945 in Minneapolis.


5 boxes (6.5 linear feet)


Collection contains the papers of Harlow Stearns Gale, instructor of psychology at the University of Minnesota.

Source of acquisition

Collection was donated by Samuel Gale in January 1946.

Related Materials in University of Minnesota Archives

Isabel Gale papers

Harlow Stearns Gale papers, 1889-1939
Karen Spilman
January 2005
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note

Collecting Area Details

Contact The University Archives Collecting Area