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E. Paul Torrance papers

Identifier: ua-00790

Scope and Content

The collection contains professional papers and reports by E. Paul Torrance, papers submitted by former University of Minnesota students, graduate school progress reports and forms for creative tests, such as Verbal Form A to test creative thinking.


  • 1957-1967


Language of Materials

Collection materials in English

Use of Materials

Items in this collection do not circulate and may be used in-house only.


Researchers may quote from the collection under the fair use provision of the copyright law (Title 17, U.S. Code). Requests to publish should be arranged with the University of Minnesota Archives.

Biographical Sketch of Ellis Paul Torrance (1915-2003)

E. Paul Torrance, B.A. (1940) Mercer University, M.A. (1944) University of Minnesota, Ph.D. (1951) University of Michigan. Professor of educational psychology and director of the Bureau of Educational research at the University of Minnesota. Considered the father of creativity; developed benchmarks for quantifying creativity which proved that IQ is not the only measure of intelligence.

Ellis Paul Torrance was born in Milledgeville, Georgia on October 8, 1915. He earned his bachelor's degree from Mercer University in 1940, M.A. from the University of Minnesota in 1944, and Ph.D. from the University of Michigan in 1951. Torrance joined the faculty at the University of Minnesota in 1957 as associate professor and director of educational research of the Bureau of Educational Research and General Education. In 1958, he was promoted to director of the Bureau of Educational Research, and held this post until 1966, when he accepted the position of professor of educational psychology at the University of Georgia. He retired from Georgia in 1984.

Torrance is known as "The Father of Creativity." He developing the benchmark method for quantifying creativity and invented the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking, which proved that the IQ test was not the only way to measure intelligence. Torrance completed the only known 40-year longitudinal study on creativity, done on 215 students that attended two Minneapolis elementary schools from 1958-1964. In 1984, the University of Georgia established the Torrance Center for Creative Studies. He authored of over 2,000 books, monographs, articles, reports, tests, manuals and instruction materials. E. Paul Torrance died on July 12, 2003.


2.5 Cubic Feet (2 boxes)


Collection contains the papers of E. Paul Torrance, professor of educational psychology at the University of Minnesota; considered the father of creativity.

Related Materials

Millar, Garnet W. E. Paul Torrance, "The Creativity Man" : an Authorized Biography,1995.

Raina, M. K. The Creativity Passion : E. Paul Torrance’s Voyages of Discovering Creativity,2000.

The Georgia College & State University, Special Collections Library (Milledgeville, GA) also contains a collection of E. Paul Torrance's papers.

E. Paul Torrance Papers, 1957-1967
Karen Spilman
March 2005
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English

Collecting Area Details

Contact The University Archives Collecting Area