Resort Discrimination records
Scope and Content
This collection consists of letters, mainly from Erwin Oreck and Rosemary Brown, to resorts in Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Canada. They ask questions about accommodations, or inquire about what terms such as "restricted clientele" or "clients carefully selected" mean. Included are the resort's response letters, as well as letters to public officals to spread the word to stop the discrimination of, specifically, Jewish persons at resorts. Also included are brochures from numerous resorts; many with "restricted clientele" noted on them.
- Jewish Federation and Community Council of Duluth (Organization)
Use of Materials
Open for use in the Elmer L. Andersen Library reading room.
Researchers may quote from the collection under the fair use provision of the copyright law (Title 17, U.S. Code). Requests to publish should be arranged with the Upper Midwest Jewish Archives; please contact the archives for more detailed copyright information.
A study of anti-Semitism in Minnesota from 1920 to 1960 claims that the end of World War I marked the beginning of almost total exclusion of Jews from participation in civic and social organizations in certain parts of the state. Discrimination of Jews was high among resorts in northern Minnesota, western Wisconsin, and southern Ontario, Canada. Phrases such as, "Restricted Clientele" and "Clientele Carefully Selected", among other variations, were used on resort brochures and folders to indicate not everyone was welcome. As these materials are believed to have originated from the Jewish Federation and Community Council of Duluth, it is likely that members collectively wrote to resorts whose material these phrases were found on. After inquiring, if it was not clear if a resort did not discriminate against Jewish persons, all correspondence were forwarded to associations and government officials and told that the resort should be not promoted. Additionally, a copy of Outside the Home, an explanation of Section 7321 of Mason's Minnesota Statutes that was passed in 1943, was also sent which describes that it became illegal to discriminate based on religion or national origins.
0.25 Cubic Feet (1 half Hollinger box)
Language of Materials
This collection consists of letters and pamphlets relating to the discrimination of guests; specifically of the Jewish religion, to resorts, hotels, and lodges in northern Minnesota, Ontario, Canada, and north western Wisconsin.
Source of acquisition
Materials donated to the Jewish Historical Society of the Upper Midwest from Temple Israel in Duluth. They came across the documents while cleaning out a space that was formerly the Jewish Community Center. Materials are believed to be originated from the Jewish Federation and Community Council of Duluth.
Alternative Forms Available
All of the contents of this collection have been digitized and are available online. See collection contents link below.
- Antisemitism Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Cabins Subject Source: Unspecified ingested source
- Discrimination Subject Source: Unspecified ingested source
- Duluth (Minn.) Subject Source: Unspecified ingested source
- Fishing lodges Subject Source: Unspecified ingested source
- Jewish community centers Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Jews Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Resorts Subject Source: Unspecified ingested source
- Resorts -- Wisconsin Subject Source: Unspecified ingested source
- Summer resorts Subject Source: Unspecified ingested source
- Resort Discrimination records, 1940-1949
- Finding aid created by Ashley Skwiera
- April 2015
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Finding aid written in English.
Collecting Area Details
Contact The Upper Midwest Jewish Archives Collecting Area