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Frederick F. Manfred Papers

Identifier: Mss009

Scope and Content Note

The papers detail the life and works of this prominent regional novelist who lived in the area he called "Siouxland" and contain manuscripts, typescripts, research material, galleys, proofs, class notes and papers, photographs, audio and video recordings.


  • 1912-1994

Language of Materials


Restrictions on Access

Access to this collection is restricted and written permission is required to use materials. Please consult the curator for further information.

Restrictions on Use

Copyright is retained by the copyright holders.

Biographical Note

Frederick Manfred was born Frederick Feikema on January 6, 1912 on a farm in northwestern Iowa. He attended high school in Hull, Iowa where he excelled as a baseball pitcher and dreamed of becoming a professional player. Two years after graduating from high school, he attended the Calvin College in Grand Rapids Michigan where began his writing career.

After earning a B.A. and his teaching certificate in 1934, Manfred hitchhiked across America for two years. In 1937, at the end of his travels, he worked as a sports reporter for The Minneapolis Journal for several years. Manfred soon developed tuberculosis and entered Glen Lake Sanatorium where he met his future wife Maryanna Shorba. Manfred left the sanatorium in 1942 and worked on the staff of Modern Medicine and as assistant campaign manager for Hubert Humphrey, who was a candidate for mayor of Minneapolis.

In 1943 Manfred decided to devote all of his time to writing. He was given a University of Minnesota writing fellowship in 1944, and his first novel, The Golden Bowl, inspired by his hitchhiking experience, was published later that year. Manfred's third novel, This Is the Year (1947), was on The New York Times best-seller list for four weeks

In 1952 Manfred decided to changed his name from Frederick Feikema to Frederick Feikema Manfred, and Frederick Manfred became his publishing name. Lord Grizzly, the first of "The Buckskin Man Tales," was the first work Manfred published under his new name. He published numerous other novels in the series. Manfred died of a brain tumor in 1994.


100 Cubic Feet (100+ boxes)


The papers detail the life and works of this prominent regional novelist who lived in the area he called "Siouxland" and contain manuscripts, typescripts, research material, galleys, proofs, class notes and papers, photographs, audio and video recordings.


The collection is organized into six series:

  1. Personal and Family Papers
  2. Articles and Other Publications By and About Manfred
  3. Correspondence
  4. Library of Published Volumes
  5. Manuscripts of Books, Poems, and Essays
  6. Audio-Visual Materials

Physical Location

Mezz (R80, D1-3); AV (R1, D1, S4)

Other Finding Aid

An unpublished finding aid with detailed contents is available. Please contact the Upper Midwest Literary Archives for details.


The initial donation was made to the University Libraries in 1969; subsequent donations continued until 1996.

Notable Correspondents' List

This lists notable persons whose letters are located in Manfred's chronological correspondence. The list was created by staff as they processed the collection. The dates after the correspondents' name are the inclusive dates of letters. More detailed information about dates of letters received and sent by Manfred is located in the Archives.

  1. Anderson, Eugene, 1957
  2. Angoff, Charles, 1943
  3. Beach, Joseph Warren, 1953
  4. Bliven, Bruce, 1942
  5. Blum, Morgan, 1957
  6. Bly, Robert, 1960-1969
  7. Borland, Hal G., 1963
  8. Brooks, Van Wyck, 1945-1953
  9. Burke, Kenneth, 1944-1951
  10. Cerf, Bennett, 1951-1970
  11. Chidester, Ann, 1945-1950
  12. Chute, Marcheet Gaylord, 1955-1966
  13. Conroy, Jack, 1947-1968
  14. Cowley, Malcom, 1955-1956
  15. Damrosch, Walter, 1946
  16. De Haven, Bob, 1961
  17. De Jong, David Cornel, 1944-1959
  18. DeVoto, Bernard Augustine, 1953
  19. DeVries, Peter, 1941-1964
  20. Dillon, George, 1948
  21. Disney, Walt, 1955, 1962-1966
  22. Eastman, Max, 1964-1965
  23. Eisenhower, Dwight, 1957
  24. Engle, Paul, 1943, 1946, 1965, 1967
  25. Evans, Paul "Doc," 1961-1962, 1969
  26. Faulkner, William, 1956-1957
  27. Fisher, Opal, 1958
  28. Fisher, Vardis, 1956
  29. Gale, Richard P., 1944
  30. Goldwyn, Samuel, Jr., 1958, 1961
  31. Guthrie, Woody, 1945
  32. Humphrey, Hubert, 1944-1961
  33. Kelsey, Vera, 1953, 1956
  34. Lewis, Sinclair, 1942-1947
  35. Lytle, Andrew Nelson, 1961, 1964
  36. McCarthy, Eugene, 1970
  37. Mencken, Henry Louis, 1945-1948
  38. Miller, Henry, 1943-1945, 1964
  39. Mondale, Walter F., 1972
  40. Moon, Bucklin, 1964-1969
  41. Niles, John Jacob, 1944
  42. Perkins, Maxwell Evarts, 1942
  43. Powell, Dick, 1958
  44. Powers, James Farl, 1957-1966
  45. Ransom, John Crowe, 1943, 1951, 1954
  46. Reasoner, Harry, 1959
  47. Rolvag, Karl, 1962-1966
  48. Schorer, Mark, 1953-1962
  49. Sevareid, Eric, 1950
  50. Sherman, John K., 1956-1959
  51. Sontag, Susan, 1969
  52. Stokowski, Olga Samaroff, 1947
  53. Stout, Rex L., 1972
  54. Straight, Michael, 1947-1948, 1953
  55. Swallow, Alan, 1960-1966
  56. Tale, Allen John Orley, 1952, 1970
  57. Thompson, Dorothy, 1937
  58. Ueland, Brenda, 1944
  59. Undset, Sigrid, 1948
  60. Updike, John, 1960
  61. Van Doren, Irita, 1957
  62. Warren, Robert Penn, 1944-1963
  63. Weeks, Edward, 1944
  64. Williams, William Carlos, 1946, 1953-1957
  65. Wilson, Edmund, 1959

Reference Materials Located in the Upper Midwest Literary Archives

  1. Bosveld, Bernice E. A Study of the Depression Years Through the Fiction of Frederick Feikema Manfred.M.A. thesis. Laramie: University of Wyoming, 1971. Typescript and xerox copies, 120 p.
  2. Byrd, Forrest Mickey. Prolegomenon to Frederick Manfred.Ph.D. dissertation. University of Nebraska, 1976. 35mm microfilm. (Film is located in microfilm room.)
  3. Kellogg, George. Frederick Manfred: A Bibliography.Denver: Alan Swallow, 1965. (The Swallow Pamphlets number 17.)
  4. Pruett, Jacque Suzanne Funderburk.A Critical Analysis of Lord Grizzly.M.A. thesis. Fort Collins: Colorado State University, 1968. Typescript, 180 p.
  5. Spies, George Henry, III. John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath and Frederick Manfred's The Golden Bowl: A Comparative Study.Ph.D. dissertation. Muncie: Ball State University, 1973. Xerox, 147 p.

Processing Information

The collection was processed and the finding aid written by Manuscripts Division staff.

Frederick F. Manfred Papers
Manuscripts staff and Leslie Czechowski
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note

Collecting Area Details

Contact The Upper Midwest Literary Archives Collecting Area