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Frank Whitebird oral history interview, December 14, 1978 and March 1, 1979


Scope and Contents

The collection consists of three audio recordings of interviews with Frank Whitebird. The interviews took place on December 14, 1978 and March 1, 1979. The interviews were conducted as a part of the Boundary Changes on the Fond du Lac Reservation Oral History Project. A transcript of this interview is available.

In the interview Frank Whitebird talked about his beliefs and the beliefs of those he knew concerning the Fond du Lac Reservation boundaries. He identified the location of a survey line on the 1854 boundary line, discussed witness trees, the need for a permit to leave the reservatin to work, and identified specific places which he said were commonly believed to be on the reservation. He also discussed historic sites on the Fond du Lac Reservation.


  • Creation: December 14, 1978 and March 1, 1979


Conditions Governing Access

Open for use in the Kathryn A. Martin Library, Archives and Special Collections.

Conditions Governing Use

This collection may be protected by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, U.S. Code). It is the user's responsibility to verify copyright ownership and to obtain all necessary permissions prior to the reproduction, publication, or other use of any portion of these materials. Researchers may quote from the collection under the fair use provision of the copyright law.

Biographical / Historical

Frank Whitebird, an Ojibwe man from Minnesota, was a resident of Fond du Lac Reservation. He married Flora Pineau. In 1978 he lived in Cloquet, Minnesota. Author: B. Sommer

Language of Materials


Collecting Area Details

Contact The University of Minnesota Duluth Archives and Special Collections Collecting Area

Kathryn A. Martin Library
University of Minnesota Duluth
416 Library Drive
Duluth MN 55812-3001
(218) 726-8526