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Hugh McKenzie photograph collection

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: S2422

Scope and Contents

The collection contains photographic prints and glass plates of Duluth and surrounding areas. Prints of all glass plates found in this collection are available in boxes 1-6, some plates do not have corresponding prints.

The photographic prints are divided into twelve subject areas. They are:

Businesses and Buildings


Cloquet Fire

Duluth Boat Club

Duluth Steam Corporation

Homes and Apartment Buildings

Mining Scenes


Nopeming Sanatorium

Outside of the City of Duluth

Schools, Duluth and Rural

The prints are arranged in numerical order by the number McKenzie assigned to them. Prints unnumbered by McKenzie were given numbers preceded by an asterisk (*1) and appear at the end of each subject category.


  • Creation: 1902-1947

Conditions Governing Access

Open for use in the Kathryn A. Martin Library, Archives and Special Collections.

Conditions Governing Use

This collection may be protected by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, U.S. Code). It is the user's responsibility to verify copyright ownership and to obtain all necessary permissions prior to the reproduction, publication, or other use of any portion of these materials. Researchers may quote from the collection under the fair use provision of the copyright law.

Biographical / Historical

Hugh McKenzie was born in Oshkosh, Wisconsin. He came to Duluth, Minnesota in 1902 after an apprenticeship in Winona, Minnesota and experience running a studio in Litchfield, Minnesota. Owner of Mckenzie Studio, he worked as a photographer in Duluth from 1902-1947. He first worked as a photographer for J.R. Zweiffel in Duluth from 1902 until 1905. In 1906, he opened his own studio, known as McKenzie Commercial and Landscape Photography, in which he specialized in commercial photography. McKenzie was married to Winnifred Ruggles in 1910. He retired in 1947 due to failing health.


3.00 Linear Feet

Language of Materials



The collection contains photographic prints and glass plates of Duluth and surrounding areas.

Physical Location

This collection is located at the University of Minnesota Duluth Archives. For more information about this collection or to make an appointment, contact us at or 218-726-8526.

Other Finding Aids

Hugh McKenzie Superior Street Photographs

Lists photographs in this collection of Superior Street in Duluth. These photographs are included in the container list, but are also separately listed here.

Related Materials:

NEMHC Archival Collections S2449 Charles Foster photograph albums

NEMHC Archival Collections S3784 Francis H. Fitzgerald residences photographs collection, includes photographs by McKenzie of Fitzgerald houses in Duluth

NEMHC Archival Collections S3157 Duluth Winter Frolic, includes Mckenzie photos

NEMHC Archival Collections S3688 Duluth Public Schools records, includes Recreation Department photograph album with 1921 photographs by McKenzie and some individual photographs of schools and students.

NEMHC Archival Collections S2386 General photograph collection

UMD Archives Duluth State Normal School scrapbooks, 1907-1914, 1915-1921


Other Information:

A master list of all glass plates, negatives, and photographic prints is available in the Donor File. Search tips Addresses using the following format, including periods: 104 S. 15th Ave. E. W. Superior St.

Dates appear in the following format: 8/14/1928 9/1918

Prints unnumbered by McKenzie were given numbers preceded by an asterisk (*1) and appear at the end of each subject category


This collection is part of the Northeast Minnesota Historical Collections, which are housed in the University of Minnesota Duluth Archives at the Kathryn A. Martin Library, and are on permanent loan from the St. Louis County Historical Society.

Guide to the Hugh McKenzie photograph collection
Finding Aid Authors: Staff, P. Maus.
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Collecting Area Details

Contact The University of Minnesota Duluth Archives and Special Collections Collecting Area

Kathryn A. Martin Library
University of Minnesota Duluth
416 Library Drive
Duluth MN 55812-3001
(218) 726-8526