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Anthony Capraro papers

 Collection
Identifier: IHRC408
Papers (1896-1975) of Anthony Capraro (1891-1975), an Italian American labor organizer, contain correspondence; photographs; and articles.

Dates

  • 1896-1975

Creator

Language of Materials

Italian and English

ACCESS RESTRICTIONS

Open for use in the Elmer L. Andersen Library reading room.

OWNERSHIP & LITERARY RIGHTS

This collection may be protected by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, U.S. Code). It is the user's responsibility to verify copyright ownership and to obtain all necessary permissions prior to the reproduction, publication, or other use of any portion of these materials. Researchers may quote from the collection under the fair use provision of the copyright law.

For further information regarding the copyright, please contact the IHRCA.

Extent

26 boxes

Biographical / Historical

Born in Sciacca, Sicily, on Jan. 11, 1891, Anthony (Nino) Capraro was the son of a wine and leather merchant. He came to the United States as a child, settling with his family in New York in 1902.

As a teen-ager Capraro joined a group of Italian-American anarchists inspired by Enrico Malatesta. Among his friends were the journalist Carlo Tresca whose murder in 1942 in New York is still unsolved, and the poet Arturo Giovannitti. Both were anarchists.

Arrested in 1908 in connection with his political activities, Capraro spent three years in the jails of New York State. After his release, he became one of the major organizers of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America and a collaborator of Sidney Hillman and August Bellanca.

While directing the 1919 strike of textile workers in Lawrence, Capraro was kidnapped and beaten. At that time he was also a correspondent for the New York Call, a Socialist daily newspaper. Later he edited his own newspaper, Utopia, in Rochester, N.Y.

During the 1920's, he was active in the effort to save the lives of Sacco and Vanzetti.

He became a spokesman for antifascism among Italian-Americans and helped Italian exiles who came to the United States. As an arbiter in labor disputes, he founded the Greater Clothing Contractors Association in New York City in 1932.

Upon his retirement in 1953, Capraro devoted himself to the study of Cervantes. He had lived in Northampton for 10 years.

Max Salvadori, professor of history at Smith College, described Capraro as it “one of the most effective organizers among Italian-Americans in the labor movement." He said his friendship with Capraro dated back to 1938, when Salvadori first visited the United States.
Author
IHRC Archives
Description rules
dacs
Language of description
Finding Aid in English

Collecting Area Details

Contact The Immigration History Research Center Archives Collecting Area

Contact:

612-625-4800