Angela Bambace papers
Papers (ca. 1930-1976) of Angela Bambace (1898-1975) include correspondence; speeches; newspaper clippings; photographs; and publications. Bambace was a labor organizer and vice-president of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union.
- Bambace, Angela , 1898-1975 (Person)
Language of Materials
Italian and English
Open for use in the Elmer L. Andersen Library reading room.
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Angela Bambace was born in Santos, Brazil in 1898. After living in Italy for a brief time, she came to America with her parents when she was six years old. She grew up in Harlem, New York and took her first job as a sewing machine operator when she was 17.
Bambace joined the International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU) in 1919 and participated in her first strike that same year. The strike lasted for three months with over 3,500 strikers arrested. Bambace was among those who were arrested.
In 1933, she was recruited to become a union organizer for the ILGWU. Union President David Dubinsky assigned her to the Baltimore area. Upon arriving in Baltimore she found union membership to be only 800 workers.
She had a difficult time trying to organize the workers. Many were afraid of losing their jobs and the important second income that most provided to their families. Bambace's big break came when she learned of an employer's plans to hire women as tailors and to pay the women less wages than the men. Bambace reported this information to the women and convinced them to attend a meeting. The women were angry not only at their employer, but at the male tailors who did not want women to be hired to do a "man's" job. The women decided to demand equal pay for equal work and marched to the employer's office. Fearing the loss of workers, the employer gave in to the women's demands. News of this victory spread and with it the union grew. By 1936, Bambace had established the first ILGWU branch in Baltimore.
In 1942, the Maryland-Virginia District of the ILGWU was created and Bambace was named its manager. By 1947 union membership had grown to 6500. Nine years later, she was elected Vice President of the ILGWU and a member of the General Executive Board. She remained in these positions until her retirement in 1973.
The labor movement of Israel, Histadrut, was also an interest of Bambace's. She traveled to Israel for three weeks to study the operations and philosophy of Histadrut. In the United States, she served on the American Histadrut board.
Civil and Women's rights were another area in which Bambace was actively involved. President Kennedy appointed her to the National Committee on the Status of Women. She was also very active in other groups such as the American Civil Liberties Union and the A. Philip Randolph Society.
Her work in the labor movement and for human rights earned her numerous awards and achievements. In 1963 she recieved the AMITA (American Italian Awards) award, the first labor leader ever to be so honored. She recieved an appointment to the Board of Trustees of the Community College of Baltimore in 1973. She also was honored with many citizenship awards.
Angela Bambace died on April 3, 1975 in Baltimore. She had two sons: Dr. Oscar B Camp, a surgeon and Phillip Camposneschi, associate dean of Humanities at the State University of New York - Old Westbury. She was the sister of Marie Capraro and Dr. D.S. Bambace.
5 linear inches
The Angela Bambace papers consist of seventeen folders of material, mainly of a personal and general biographical nature. The collection is divided into three series:
Series I: Correspondence
Series II: Biographical
Series II: Photographs
Series I (folders 1-4) consists of correspondence from Philip Camponeschi, Marie Caprano, and various other people. The majority of these communications are personal in nature.
Series II (folders 5-9) consists of various articles, pamphlets and other biographical materials concerning the life of Angela Bambace. Included in this series are obituaries from various newspapers, drafts of speeches given by Bambace, and items related to awards and honors she received.
Series III (folders 10-17) consists of photographs and negatives of people and events in Bambace's life. Included are photos of friends and family, union and political activities, Histadrut and her trip to Israel, etc. The negatives are mostly of friends and family.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The collection was acquired from Philip Caomponeschi in November 1975.
The collection was processed by Mary Gazdik, undergraduate student from the University of Minnesota in April-May 1993.
- Clothing workers -- Labor unions. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Italian Americans -- New York (State) -- New York. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Labor leaders. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Strikes and lockouts -- Clothing workers. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Women labor leaders Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
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- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
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- Finding Aid in English