Domenico Saudino papers
Papers (1927-1961) of Domenico Saudino consist of publications, books, essays, and newspaper articles, many of them in manuscript form. Also included are a diary of a trip to Europe (1957-1957), a typescript of a work on American fascism, and miscellany.
The earliest materials in the collection date from the thirties. There are three manuscripts which can be assigned to this period: first, an untitled work on various features of the Fascist system in Italy (folders 2-4); second, studies of Mussolini's career and writings (folder 5); and third, a work entitled "Fascismo e Massoneria" (folder 6). Parts of these works were incorporated into Saudino's book, Sotto il Segno del Littorio: La Genesi del Fascismo. However, they appear to be separate pieces which may have been published elsewhere.
The collection contains a large number of newspaper clippings of Saudino's writings, most of which were published in La Parola del Popolo of Chicago and Il Corriere del Popolo of San Francisco during the years 1940 to 1952. The bulk of these clippings deal with war-related developments (folders 8-12).
Most of the manuscripts writen after 1950 were published in La Parola del Popolo. These include typescripts of the "Civil Calendars" compiled by Saudino for the years 1954 and 1955. These calendars commemorate and describe important events in the history of the socialist movement and in the history of man's quest for scientific enlightenment and intellectual "emancipation." Hundreds of handwritten notes for this project are found in folder 17-20.
One of Saudino's "specialities" was anti-clerical and anti-religious propaganda. There is an assortment of writings on these themes, most of which focus on historical issues rather than current questions (folder 18-20).
The lengthy diary of Saudno's trip to Europe in 1956 and 1957 is found in folders 21-22.
The final categroy of materials requires a brief explanation. Saudino had planned to publish a second volume of his 1933 work on Fascism to deal with the activities of Fascist groups in the United States. This volume was to be compiled from articles written by Saudino for Il Nuovo Mondo in the early thirties. However, owing to limitations of space in the original volume, or perhaps to some other reason, the project never reached fruititon at that time and remained dormant until the later fifties. Chapters from his long delayed book were eventually published in two special issues of La Parola, Vol. 9 (Dec. 1958 - Jan. 1959)and Vol. 11 (Feb. - March, 1961), section 2. A nearly complete typescript of this work on American Fascism is contained in folder 24. Found with this manuscript were a large number of newspaper clippings from the early thierties, perhaps used in the preparation of the manuscript (folder 27-28).
The Saudino Papers were deposited in the Immigrant Archives by Mr. Egidio Clemente, editos of La parola del Popolo of Chicago in June of 1967.
Domenico Saudino, "I miei Genitori," La Parola del Popolo 10 (Oct. - Nov., 1960), pp. 18-21
"E Morto Domenico Saudino," ibid, 14 (Oct. - Nov., 1964), p.1.
- Creation: 1927-1961
- Saudino, D. (Domenico) (Person)
Language of Materials
Italian and English
Open for use in the Elmer L. Andersen Library reading room.
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Domenico Saudino was an Italian-American writer who achieved prominence as an advocate of three major points of view: first, that Fascism was a curse upon the Italian people, second, that socialism was the most advanced political system in the world; and third, that Christianity - and in particular Catholicism - had retarded the progress of mankind. He carried on his ideological struggles in a variety of Italian newspapers and in a number of published works. this collection consists of two broad categories of materials: first, manuscripts of his various writings - most of which were later published; second, clippings of his newspaper articles.
Saudino was born in Drusacco, province of Piedmont, Italy in 1988 or 1889. His father was a tailor and though of modest means, was literate and took an interest in world events. Saudino described his father as a "free-thinker."
In 1912 Saudino left his beloved Italy and immigrated to America. After Mussolini's rise to power Saudino became an outspoekn critic of the fascists and on a trip to Italy in 1929, he was unable to enter Italy for fear of his life.
his most famous work was a book entitled Sotto il Segno del Littorio; La Genesi del fascismo (Chicago: 1933) - a wide-ranging indictment of the Fascist system in Italy. This work was translated into Greek and published in Athens in 1935. Its dissemination in Greece occasioned a diplomatic protest by the Italian government.
During the thirties and forties, Saudino propagated his deeply-held convictions in a large number of Italian newspapers in the United States,Italy, Argentina and Mexico, among which were Fede Nuova, Il Canavesano, Il Grido del Popolo, Sempre Avanti!, Don Basilio, Geema, La Ragione, Candid, Victoria, Italia Libre, Accion Socialista, Il Lavoratore Italiana, Il Lavoro, Il Mondo, La Strada, La Parola del Popolo, Il Corriere del Popolo, Il Nuovo Mondo and Stampa Libera.
As early as 1924, Saudino was a member of the National Council of the Italian Socialist Federation in the United States. During the thirties, he ran as a candidate of the Socialist Party for Congress and New York State Legislature. he remained a member of the National Council of the Italian Socialist Federation for many years and also served as secretary of the New York session.
After 1940, Saudino moved to California. During the fifties, he served as Associate Editor of, and contributor to, La Parola del Popolo of Chicago. He died in Berkley, California on August, 1964.
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