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Estonian political parties and movements (Parteid ENSV's) records

Identifier: IHRC3537


Collection of papers of Estonian political parties and movements from late 1980s - early 1990s


  • Creation: 1988-1998

Language of Materials

Estonian, English


Open for use in the Elmer L. Andersen Library reading room.


This collection may be protected by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, U.S. Code). It is the user's responsibility to verify copyright ownership and to obtain all necessary permissions prior to the reproduction, publication, or other use of any portion of these materials. Researchers may quote from the collection under the fair use provision of the copyright law.


Eesti Rahvusliku Sõltumatuse Partei (Estonian National Independence Party) was political party in August 1988 It was one of the first non-communist political parties in the Soviet Union. . The party gained a majority during the February 1990 elections of the Congress of Estonia. After Estonia regained independence, the ERSP was part of the centre-right government from 1992-1995 and later merged with Isamaaliit (Pro Patria Union).

The Popular Front of Estonia ( Rahvarinne) - was a political organization in Estonian in 1988 - 1993. It was one of the major forces in the Estonian independence movement. The Popular Front of Estonia was founded in 1988. Edgar Savisaar initiated the foundation in April, 1988 in a live broadcast on Estonian TV. Ithe Popular Front was to a substantial degree the precursor to the current Estonian Centre Party.

Eesti Kristlik-Demokraatlik Erakond (Estonian Christian-Democratic Party) - was formed in 1988 and officially registred in 1990. In 1990s merged with Isamaaliit (Pro Patria Union).

Estonian Green Movement (Eesti Roheline Liikumine) - a non-governmental, non-profit environmental organisation. It was founded in 1988, becoming one of the first environmental NGOs in Estonia that started to deal with wide range of environment and development issues. Its first campaign was a protest against the opening of a large phosphorite mine in northeast Estonia.

In 1989 the political party - Estonian Green Party (Eesti Roheline Partei) was established . The Estonian Green Movement today is engaged in environmental projects only. The Estonian Citizens' Committees (Eesti Kodanike Komiteed) was a political movement founded in 1989-1990, which had as its purpose the creation of power structures in order to restore the Republic of Estonia on the basis of continuity by registration of citizens of the Republic of Estonia, carrying out the elections of the Congress of Estonia and convening the Congress of Estonia as a legislative body representing the citizens.

The primary phase of the Citizens Committees' activities came to a close when the Congress of Estonia was elected on February 24, 1990 and convened on March 11, 1990. The Committees became defunct soon thereafter.

The Estonian Heritage Society, established in 1987, started off as a nation-wide movement, preceded by the establishment of various heritage clubs and societies. In the early years EMS united ca 10 000 members. At present EMS is the umbrella organisation for 53 voluntary organisations aiming at reseraching and protecting cultural heritage.

IME project - In September 1987, the Edasi newspaper published a proposal by Edgar Savisaar, Siim Kallas, Tiit Made and Mikk Titma calling for Estonia to make the transition to autonomy. Initially geared toward economic independence, then toward a certain amount of political autonomy, the project, Isemajandav Eesti (A Self-Managing Estonia) became known according to its Estonian acronym, IME.


2.5 linear inches


Archive consists of 8 folders


Collection acquired from the Estonian Archives in the U.S.A., Lakewood, New Jersey, in 2003-2005. It was processed in May 2013 by Peeter Väljas and Aet Tran-Tõnissoo of the National Archives of Estonia in Tallinn, working with IHRC Archivist Daniel Necas.

Inventory of the Estonian political parties and movements (Parteid ENSV's) records.
IHRC Archives
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding Aid in English

Collecting Area Details

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