Records of YMCA International Work in Cuba
SCOPE AND CONTENTS OF THE COLLECTION
Includes correspondence, reports, and printed material, primarily concerning the YMCA in Havana, Cuba. A significant portion of the records consist of correspondence and documents concerning the finances and the 1941 closure of the YMCA, building projects, and world service. There are also small portions of records concerning assistance to Cuban refugees during the 1960s, and the 11th World Festival of Youth and Students held in Havana in 1978, to which the YMCA's World Alliance sent a delegate.
- Majority of material found within ( 1904-1941)
Language of Materials
Use of Materials:
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HISTORY OF YMCA INTERNATIONAL WORK IN CUBA
In 1904, Joseph E. Hubbard was sent to Cuba to assist in establishing a YMCA. The Cuban Y was founded on May 12, 1905 in Havana. This Association served both Americans and Cubans. A building was rented, a gymnasium was opened, Bible classes were held, a boys' camp was facilitated, and Cubans were added to the board of directors.
Havana had difficulties raising money early on. In 1911, an effort was made, encouraged by a conditional offer of $75,000 from the YMCA International Committee, to obtain 150,000 in Havana for a new building. The Catholic bishop publicly attacked the project as Protestant, Spanish clubs were opposed, American business men were lukewarm and the campaign fell far from the goal. Hubbard was not discouraged and remained in Havana. In 1915 a building was erected with mostly money from the International Committee.
In 1921, Everett James Simonds replaced Hubbard. For a time the Havana Association continued to grow through the financial support of the Cubans. Simonds left in 1926. Cuban Luis Machado was president, but in general, able Cuban leadership was lacking, especially for the secretarial posts. Simonds was replaced by Herbert Watson Chaffee. Unfortunately, arguments about finances and revisions of the constitution arose between the Cubans and the North Americans. The building was in horrible shape and debts were accumulated. The depression struck and with it fell the economy. And for all of the above reasons the effort in Havana came to an unfortunate end. In 1941 the building was sold.
The following is a list of individuals who served as YMCA secretaries in Cuba, along with their dates of service:
|Chaffee, Herbert Watson (1927-1932)||MacLeod, John J. (1906-1908)|
|Davis, Charles (1923-1925)||Mann, Frank H. (1905)|
|Garniss, George Winslow (1909-1919)||Nuttle, Charles Howard (1909-1913)|
|Ghiselin, Samuel Brown (1909)||Simonds, Everett James (1918-1925)|
|Hatch, Arthur L. (1919-1920)||Thayer, Clarence Putnam (1920-1922)|
|Hubbard, Joseph Edward (1904-1919)||Ward, Earle A. (1921-1925)|
1.9 Cubic Feet (6 boxes)
Correspondence, reports, and printed material, primarily concerning the YMCA in Havana, Cuba, mostly concerning the finances and the 1941 closure of the YMCA, building projects, and World Service.
See Detailed Description section for box listing.
Processed as part of Fast Processing Project II, August 2009, as collection FP031. Material has been minimally processed. Descriptions of box contents are very general.
Catalog Record ID number: 6258641
- Havana (Cuba). Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- International Committee of YMCAs. World Service.
- National Board of the Young Men's Christian Associations. International Division
- Refugees -- Cuba. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- World Festival of Youth and Students for Peace and Friendship (11th : 1978 : Havana, Cuba) Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Young Men's Christian Associations -- Cuba -- Havana. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Young Men's Christian Associations of North America. International Committee
- Young Men's Christian associations -- Administration Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Young Men's Christian associations -- Buildings Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- YMCA INTERNATIONAL WORK IN CUBA:
- An Inventory of Its Records
- Finding aid prepared by Lara Friedman-Shedlov.
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note